After total liberalization it is now time to refocus. For several months now, the government has announced its intention to regulate the personal training account (CPF), a system that was heavily modified during Emmanuel Macron’s first five-year term to facilitate access. Finally, he took action by submitting an amendment to the financial bill for 2023 on Saturday, December 10, very slightly rewritten the next day: the text “proposes to establish a holding of the holder, regardless of the number of rights available in his account”. In other words: no more free training via this mechanism: the employees will also have to put their hands in their pockets. By leaving a remainder for the persons concerned, this measure is presented as a personal contribution, the purpose of which is, among other things, to muzzle the costs associated with the CPF.
The amendment championed by the executive indicates that the contribution required from the employee can be proportional “at the expense of the training, within the limit of a ceiling or lump sum”. An important point to underline: job seekers do not have to pay. The same goes for individuals who mobilize their CPF as part of a project “put together with their employer” and with funding from the latter (“subscriptions”).
For Carole Grandjean, the delegated minister responsible for vocational education and training, such an approach is envisaged “to further improve the efficiency of the CPF, in addition to the many measures already taken and having an effect” (combating fraud and illegal recruitment, improving the quality of the offer through a reinforced selection of training organisations).
“The opposite of Macron’s political project”
Created in 2014, the CPF was reformed in November 2019 by Muriel Pénicaud, then Minister of Labour. A system of credit in euros – and no longer in hours – has emerged with an online platform that opens the door to a wide variety of titles, diplomas and certifications. The result: quite a success, which resulted in “more than five million training registrations” according to the management over the past three years.
This boom has come at a cost – some €6.7 billion – thus contributing to the deficit of France Skills, the sector’s steering body, even though the “gap” is largely due to spending due to learning . The craze for the CPF has also come with its share of abuse: fake training, intrusive requests from companies that have multiplied calls and texts, scams… To the extent that the training catalog has been purged to focus on those quick to can lead a job.
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